How to prepare and score Good marks in Chemistry Paper?

The most important period in a student’s life is class 11. There are many competitive examinations ahead, which you will be appearing for. You also have class 12 board examinations the very next year. Certainly, it is important for every aspiring student like you, to have an excellent command of the subjects taught in class 11. This is very essential for your boards, as well as competitive exams like JEE and NEET. The syllabus of class 11 is the fundamental part of any competition, including boards.

Chemistry is one of the most important subjects from a competitive point of view. If you see the standard of questions asked in boards in competitive exams like JEE and NEET, you will figure that this subject can be very scoring. The kind of questions asked from chemistry fetches you easy marks with not much effort. You just need to know the concept well and you’ll be able to solve any question asked. Chemistry has its applications in various different fields. So it becomes all the more important to study the subject well, for students aspiring to have a career in science. You might be thinking about how hard it is to get a decent score in the subject. To this, the answer is that it is not a difficult thing to get a 100 in boards. All you need is, to remain focused and keep yourself motivated throughout the journey of your preparation. You know the popular phrase, ‘Practice makes a man perfect’. It is your consistent practice and hard work that will help you gain a strong command of the subject.


Here are a few tips that might help 

Prepare a good timetable – There will certainly be some chapters that you don’t find boring or difficult to study. You might feel demotivated after studying these chapters. But omitting every such chapter is not an option. Every chapter is important from the exam point of view. You should prepare your time table in a way that you give extra time to the tougher chapters. Try to complete the difficult part of the syllabus first. Once, you have completed the harder portion, you can now study the easier chapters. This will make your preparation strong.

Know the exam pattern and syllabus – You should be very well aware of the pattern of your board exam. This will help you strategize your exam preparation easily.


Title Marks
a.            Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

b.            Structure of Atom


a.            Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 4
a.            Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

b.            States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

c.            Chemical Thermodynamics

d.            Equilibrium

a.            Redox Reactions

b.            Hydrogen

c.            s -Block Elements

d.            p -Block Elements

a.            Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques

b.            Hydrocarbons

c.            Environmental Chemistry




Focus on the important topics – You should focus on every topic in the syllabus, as questions are asked from each section. However, it is essential for you to pay special attention to an important topic. You should give extra attention to these important topics. Some of the important topics are given below


Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  1. Mole concept and molar mass
  2. Empirical and molecular formula
  3. Stoichiometry & calculations based on stoichiometry


Structure of Atom

  1. Bohr’s model and its limitations
  2. de Broglie’s relationship
  3. Heisenberg uncertainty Principle
  4. Aufbau principle
  5. Pauli’s exclusion principle
  6. Hund’s rule
  7. Stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals


Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  1. Modern periodic law
  2. Periodic trends in properties
  3. Ionization enthalpy,
  4. Electron gain enthalpy,
  5. Electronegativity, valency.
  6. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100


Chemical Bonding and Molecular structure

  1. Valence bond theory
  2. The geometry of covalent molecules
  3. VSEPR theory
  4. hybridization
  5. Molecular orbital theory
  6. Hydrogen bond


States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  1. Avogadro’s law
  2. Ideal gas equation
  3. Deviation from ideal behavior
  4. Liquid State: vapor pressure, viscosity and surface tension


Chemical Thermodynamics

  1. Work, heat, energy
  2. Extensive and intensive properties
  3. Laws of thermodynamics
  4. Gibb’s energy change



  1. Equilibrium constant
  2. Le-Chatelier’s principle
  3. Hydrolysis of salts
  4. Buffer solution
  5. Solubility product
  6. Common ion effect


Redox Reactions

  1. Concept of oxidation and reduction
  2. Redox reactions
  3. Oxidation number



  1. Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen
  2. Hydrogen peroxide – preparation, reactions and structure, and use; hydrogen as a fuel.


S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

  1. Trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii)
  2. Trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens
  3. Preparation and Properties of important compounds


P-Block Elements

  1. Introduction to p-Block Elements
  2. Boron- Borax, Boric acid, Boron Hydrides
  3. Aluminum: Reactions with acids and alkalies, uses
  4. Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms
  5. Silicon: Silicon Tetrachloride, Silicones, Silicates and Zeolites, their uses


Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques

  1. IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds
  2. Types of organic reactions.



  1. Classification of Hydrocarbons
  2. Benzene
  3. Carcinogenicity and toxicity.


Have a good reference material (CBSE Study material/ CBSE Study notes) – You should have a good study material, at hand, to which you can refer to, while studying. CBSE Study material/ CBSE Study notes are available online and serve as the best reference material for your preparation.  You can also have Toppers Notes with you. These toppers notes are prepared by experts and are prepared strictly as per CBSE standards.

Always solve the CBSE Previous Year Question Papers – Solving the CBSE previous year question papers is the best way to test your knowledge. You can get to know the fields where you lack in and need to give extra attention to, after solving these papers.

Try solving the online test of chemistry class 11, available online – You can try solving these class 11th practice tests for chemistry after you have solved all the previous year papers. The online test of chemistry class 11 is designed to enhance. The pattern of questions asked in these class 11th practice tests will strengthen your concepts and analytical thinking.